Taurus fighter
24419-b32863761_large.jpgThe OZ-12SMS Taurus is a mass produced space-combat mobile suit in the After Colony time-line. It is featured in Mobile Suit Gundam Wing, Mobile Suit Gundam Wing: Endless Waltz OVA/movie, and several related mangas. The mobile suit was designed by Hajime Katoki.

Contents
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Technology & Combat Characteristics

The OZ-12SMS Taurus was designed by OZ to specifically fill the role as a space superiority combat mobile suit that would out perform and replace the aging space type Leo. It can transform into a high-speed fighter spacecraft.

Although originally designed for human pilots, the Taurus is the first mobile suit to have the Mobile Doll artificial intelligence system installed into their software, making them the first AI-controlled mobile suits. While piloted Taurus mobile suits were high-performance mobile suits, the mobile doll version was noted for fighting at high speeds and performing incredible maneuvers that would kill a human pilot from the G-forces. The disadvantage the mobile doll had was that its maneuvers lacked originality, making them predictable, they were vulnerable to attacks from behind, and had a notable weakness at close range combat.oz-12sms-fighter.jpg

The Taurus design was used as a basis for the Mercurius and Vayeate suits, significantly improving on the overall design.
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Tauruses used by organizations other then OZ were often modified, such as the Taurus mobile suits that served the Sanc Kingdom that were modified for atmospheric combat and were equipped with beam sabers. With these modifications the Taurus proved to be a superior atmospheric fighter to the OZ-07AMS Aries.

White Fang's modifications would simply be a change in the paint scheme.

After the White Fang organization began producing the WF-02MD Virgo II mobile dolls to eradicate the OZ forces in space. To counter the mobile dolls' planet defensers the Tauruses were armed with laser rifles, which had a tendency to overheat after prolonged use but could easily pierce the electromagnetic barrier.

Like most mass production mobile suits employed by the Organization of the Zodiac and the United Earth Sphere Alliance the OZ-12SMS Taurus is not equipped with any sort of close-range combat weapons, neither small caliber vulcan guns or beam sabers. When in combat the Taurus relies on its speed and maneuverability to keep it at a distance from the enemy mobile suits while only attacking with its beam rifle.

When used by factions other than OZ, the Tauruses are given slightly altered designations and color schemes; SK-12SMS for the Sanc Kingdom painted in mostly white and WF-12SMS for the White Fang organization painted in red. The Tauruses used by the Mariemeia Army in Endless Waltz retain the default OZ color scheme and designation.

Armaments
■Beam Rifle
The standard armament of the OZ-12SMS Taurus is a custom model beam rifle exclusive to the Taurus mobile suit. Because the Taurus is a highly modern and advanced mass production mobile suit it can be argued that its beam rifle is more advanced than any previous mass production models'. The Taurus's beam rifle mounted on the units back when in fighter mode, a mode that the beam rifle can still be used in. The beam rifle can destroy a Leo with one shot. ■Beam Cannon
An optional armament that the OZ-12SMS Taurus can be equipped with in place of the beam rifle is the beam cannon. The beam cannon is a large energy cannon that requires the use of both of the Taurus's hand to wield. The beam cannon is a weapon with a high output, as shown by Trowa Barton who used a beam cannon to destroy the remains of the XXXG-01D Gundam Deathscythe when he said that the beam rifle wouldn't have an effect. Through modifications, it can be used within the atmosphere. ■Laser Rifle
An old weapon that was no longer in regular use with the military by AC 195 because of power and overheating issues. It was put back into service and used by the Taurus mobile suits defending Barge from White Fang when it was discovered that the laser rifle could penetrate the electromagnetic barrier of the WF-02MD Virgo II. ■Beam Saber
Mentioned in the Gundam Wing Encyclopedia, this is an optional weapon used by the Taurus. Quattre is seen briefly using two of these in episode 33.
Special Equipment & Features
■Mobile Doll AI Control System
The OZ-12SMS Taurus is the first mobile suit to be mass produced with an internal mobile doll AI control system, though several Leos were used an external system to test the mobile doll system. With the mobile doll AI control system the Taurus can operate itself independently, negating the need for a human pilot to function. Because it is a computer controlling the Taurus, its reactions are lightening fast and it can fly at speeds where the G force would normally crush a human pilot. However as mobile dolls the Taurus's movements lack innovation, relying on pre-programmed data to determine how it reacts in a given situation.
History

The OZ-12SMS Taurus is first seen when OZ's Victoria training base comes under attack by Chang Wufei and the XXXG-01S Shenlong Gundam. The Taurus mobile suits were not used to defend the base as they were not capable of atmospheric flight at the time. Instead base instructor Lucrezia Noin ordered all machines to be evacuated.

As OZ was making its move to take control of space, the Taurus, both mobile suit and mobile doll versions, played a prominent role as it replaced the aged Space Leo as their front-line unit. In battle the Taurus easily defeated the older mobile suits that were their only opposition until the arrival of the Gundams. However, the Gundams had been designed to operate on Earth and were not very fast or maneuverable in space. Thus several of them, such as the XXXG-01D Gundam Deathscythe, were easily overpowered until the Gundam pilots received newer Gundam units that were customized for space, allowing them to overcome the Taurus easily.

When the White Fang organization made its move to destroy OZ, it made use of every mobile suit it could get its hands on, including a number of Taurus mobile suits that were re-designated as the WF-12SMS Taurus. When White Fang captured and began using the powerful WF-02MD Virgo II mobile doll, OZ forces countered with both Taurus and Space Leo mobile suits, however both machines were outmatched by the mobile doll.

Mobile Doll Tauruses were also used in the year AC 196 (Endless Waltz), first to protect the captured colony of L3 X18999, then to distract the Preventers for a time from the real events. Noin used her white Taurus to fight the Mariameia Army in Brussels.

The pilot most associated with the Taurus is Lucrezia Noin, who pilots a white Taurus for the second half of the anime and in the OVA. Lady Une, Quatre Raberba Winner, Trowa Barton, and Hilde Schbeiker also pilot the Taurus on occasion, although in most appearances the mobile suits are either piloted by minor or unnamed characters or controlled by the Mobile Doll AI.
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